- When was the Great Wall of China built? Over 2,000 years ago.
- How long does the wall run? More than 13,000 miles across northern China
- Why was this wall built? To unify the new Chinese state and keep out northern invaders.
- Which emperor ordered the unified construction of the northern wall? Emperor Qin Shi Huang in the 3rd century B.C.
- What is the difference between farmers and nomadic people? Farmers stay largely in one place and grow their food; Nomadic people hunt animals and move with them as they move.
- Who was the biggest threat to the new Chinese kingdom when it was unified? The Mongolian people to the north.
- What was the Great Wall originally made of? Rammed earth and stones.
- Who was the leader of the Mongolian people when they attacked and conquered China? Genghis Khan
- Can the Great Wall be seen from space? Yes!
- What is the most famous stretch of the Great Wall that runs northwest of Beijing called? Badaling
- Print a map of Asia and color the area of China in red. Color the area of Mongolia north of China purple.
- On your map, draw a line where you think the Great Wall of China runs. Now look up a picture on the internet. See how close you were with your guess.
- Draw a picture of the Great Wall close up. Include a watch tower or a pagoda. What else could you add to help fortify, or strengthen, your defence of the wall?
- Tea – Legend has it that around 2737 B.C., a Chinese ruler was sitting in his garden. He had a pot of drinking water at his elbow. A leaf fell from a nearby tree and drifted into the pot of water. This inspired the creation of tea! Tea is a very popular drink in China. Together with an adult, make a pot of tea for your family. You will need boiling water, tea leaves, a teapot and strainer. Try some different flavors of tea. What is your favorite? Why do you think tea helped keep Chinese people and other tea drinkers healthy throughout history? [answer: boiling water is good for hygiene, killing bacteria]
- Food – In ancient China, people ate rice, soybeans, cucumbers, pork and chicken. Look up a recipe for a stir-fry using some of these ingredients. Together with a parent, try cooking a traditional Chinese meal for your family.